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Causes Of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

What Causes TBI?

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a serious condition that can have long-term physical, cognitive, and psychological effects. It happens when an external force, such as a bump or blow to the head, disrupts the brain’s normal functioning. While any number of traumatic events can cause TBI, there are some common causes that people should be aware of to avoid them. This article will explore what causes TBI and how best to prevent it.

You might be entitled to compensation if your TBI was caused by someone else’s negligence. Contact the experienced brain injury lawyers at Cantor Grana Buckner Bucci for a free consultation. Start pursuing justice today.

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Common Causes of Traumatic Brain Injuries:

Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) are a serious public health concern, affecting millions yearly. They can result from various causes, including accidents, falls, assaults, and sports injuries. Whether you’re an athlete, a driver, or simply someone interested in protecting your brain health, understanding the causes of TBI is an essential step in staying safe and healthy.

Common events causing traumatic brain injury include the following:


Falls are the leading cause of TBI in both adults and children. They can occur when a person trips, slips, or falls from an elevated surface, such as a ladder or staircase.

Motor Vehicle Accidents

These collisions involve cars, trucks, motorcycles, bicycles, and pedestrians. Injuries might be caused by a direct impact on the head or from being tossed around inside the vehicle.

Struck By/Against Events

These injuries occur when an object strikes the head directly, such as during physical assault or contact sports, or when someone runs into a wall or other stationary object with force.

Sports Injuries

Traumatic brain injuries are the most common cause of disability and death from sports-related activities. Typically, these events involve contact sports such as football, boxing, hockey, and martial arts.

Explosive Blasts

Exposure to explosive blasts can cause a traumatic brain injury (TBI) known as blast-induced traumatic brain injury (BITBI). This type of head injury can be due to proximity to explosions which generate shockwaves that cause tissue damage and disruption of the brain’s cell structure.

Combat Injuries

Military personnel exposed to explosions or other traumatic events in a combat setting may also suffer from traumatic brain injuries.

Shaken Baby Syndrome

This type of traumatic brain injury occurs when an infant or young child is violently shaken, and their head rotates rapidly, resulting in severe brain injury.

Penetrating Injury

These injuries are caused by shrapnel, sharp objects, bullets, or any other object that directly penetrates the skull and enters the brain tissue.

Other Causes

Other causes of traumatic brain injury can include near-drowning, toxic exposure, or infection.

No matter the cause, traumatic brain injuries can have long-term physical and cognitive effects. It is essential to seek medical attention as soon as possible if someone has suffered a blow to the head or exhibits signs of a concussion. With prompt medical attention, the effects of TBI can be minimized.

traumatic brain injury caused by car accident

Common TBI Symptoms

Common symptoms of a mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) can include:

Moderate or severe TBI symptoms may include:

  • Slurred speech
  • Seizure-like activity
  • Difficulty with memory or concentration
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Permanent brain damage

In extreme cases, severe traumatic brain injuries can result in a coma or even death.

Who Might Get a Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?

Anyone can experience a traumatic brain injury, but certain age groups and activities put people at greater risk. These include: Children ages 0-4 and young adults between the ages of 15-24 are more likely to suffer from a TBI than other age groups. Athletes who participate in contact sports such as football, boxing, and soccer are more likely to experience a TBI due to the physical contact involved. People who engage in risky behaviors such as drinking and driving or substance abuse are also at greater risk of experiencing a TBI.

How Common Are Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBIs)?

Traumatic brain injuries are very common and can have long-term health consequences. According to the Centers for Disease Control, an estimated 2.5 million TBIs occur annually in the United States. About 50,000 result in death, and 80,000 lead to disability. It is important to remember that any blow or jolt to the head can cause a TBI and must be taken seriously.

Treating Traumatic Brain Injury

The treatment for a traumatic brain injury may vary depending on the severity of the damage and individual needs. Treatment often involves a combination of rest, physical rehabilitation therapy, occupational therapy, and cognitive behavior therapy. Medication may also be used to address symptoms such as seizures, depression, or anxiety. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair any physical damage caused by the injury.

scan of traumatic brain injury

Long-Term Effects of TBI

The long-term effects of a traumatic brain injury can vary greatly depending on the severity and type of head injury sustained. Common long-term effects of a TBI may include:

  • Cognitive and communication impairments
  • Difficulty with memory
  • Slowed information processing speed
  • Impaired coordination and balance
  • Emotional changes such as depression and anxiety
  • Sleep disturbances and physical pain

In some cases, long-term care or support may be necessary to help manage the symptoms of a traumatic brain injury.

Preventing TBIs

Several steps can be taken to help reduce the risk of traumatic brain injuries. These include:

Wear a helmet: If you participate in high-risk activities such as contact sports or riding a bicycle or motorcycle, wear a helmet to protect yourself from a head injury.

Use seatbelts: Always wear your seatbelt while driving or riding in a car, and ensure that children are in age-appropriate car seats.

Avoid distracted driving: Don’t text or use your phone while driving; avoid driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

Make your home safe: Install handrails on stairs, use non-slip mats in the bathroom, and keep your floors free of clutter to prevent falls.

Protect your head at work: Wear a hard hat if you work in construction or other high-risk jobs where falling objects are dangerous.

Practice safe sports: Follow the game’s rules and use proper equipment, such as helmets and padding, when playing sports.

Know the signs of a concussion: Be aware of the symptoms of a concussion, such as headaches, dizziness, and confusion, and seek medical attention if you experience any of these symptoms after a blow to the head.

Educate yourself: Learn about the risks of TBI and take steps to protect yourself and your loved ones from severe injuries.

Individuals can help reduce their risk of sustaining a traumatic brain injury by taking these preventive steps. With proper education and awareness, communities can work together to prevent such injuries from occurring in the first place.

What If My TBI Was Caused By Someone Else?

Suppose another person’s negligence or wrongful act caused your traumatic brain injury. In that case, you might be entitled to compensation. In these cases, a personal injury lawyer can help you seek financial recovery for any medical bills, lost wages associated with the injury, and other damages such as pain and suffering.

It is essential to contact an experienced personal injury attorney as soon as possible after an injury to ensure that your rights are protected, and you receive the compensation you deserve.

Cantor Grana Buckner Bucci Fight For Brain Injury Victims

At Cantor Grana Buckner Bucci, our legal team fights for the rights of victims of traumatic brain injuries. We will work closely with you to ensure you receive the compensation and justice you deserve.

We understand how devastating TBIs can be and are here to help you navigate the legal system. With our knowledgeable attorneys on your side, you can be sure your case will be handled with care and compassion.Connect with us today to discuss your TBI case, and let us get started fighting for you. Our team is ready to help you get the justice and financial compensation you deserve.

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